UXO Site selected: PINA RANGE COMPLEX (Former U.S. Military Range), Panama
General Area: Colon, Panama
Site Type/Program: Panama UXO Sites
Location: The Pina Range Complex is within the former U.S. Army installation known as Fort Sherman. The Pina Range complex is located on Toro Point at the Atlantic (northern) end of the Panama Canal, on the western bank of the Canal directly opposite Colón. Fort Sherman was the former center for US jungle warfare training for some time before the installation and ranges were transferred back to the Government of Panama.
Range / Site Description: |
Prior to the turn over of the Canal and U.S. military bases in Panama to the Panamanian Government in 1999, the U.S. military controlled more than 75,000 acres of land. The land included over 7,000 acres of range area including two Army ranges (Empire and Pina), and an Air force bombing range known as Balboa West. This entry in the UXOInfo.com UXO site inventory database covers the Pina Range Complex.
Associated Munitions: Almost every type of ground munition used by the Army for training has been deployed on Pina Range including mortars (60mm and 81mm), projectiles (40mm, 90mm, 105mm, 106mm), rockets (66mm), small arms, and hand grenades.
Activities Completed: The U.S. military completed several studies of the ranges and a very limited range clearance effort in preparation for the transfer of the ranges to the Government of Panama. Only a fraction of the ranges were cleared to surface or very near surface. Although the U.S. did conduct limited clearance activities at Pina, the majority of their efforts were focused at the time on the Empire Range Complex located on the opposite end of the country. This was done due to the location of the Empire Range to the canal and because of planned canal expansion / construction plans.
Other Information: For the most part, the U.S. military has claimed that it has met the obligations of the treaty and has left Panama to deal with the legacy UXO site problem with little to no assistance from the State Department.
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