Welcome to UXOInfo.com's free monthly E-Newsletter on Unexploded Ordnance (UXO). UXOInfo.com is the largest site on the Internet for UXO related news and information. If you have not checked out the UXOInfo.com website, we encourage you to do so at www.uxoinfo.com. In addition to bringing you the latest UXO news and information, the UXOInfo.com website also provides the following:

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The UXO E-Newsletter is issued monthly to provide the industry with important news and information related to UXO. For information on how to advertise in future UXO E-Newsletters please email the UXOInfo.com Marketing Coordinator, Ms. Jenna Coven at jenna@uxoinfo.com.

If you do not wish to receive the UXO E-Newsletter in the future, simply use the un-subscribe link provided at the bottom of this newsletter. If you have any questions or comments on UXOInfo.com or the UXO E-Newsletter please email them to rhonda@uxoinfo.com.

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January 2020

A New Decade - A New Agreement

Dear UXOInfo.com Readers,

As we usher in a new decade with hopes for renewed efforts to clear the globe of dangerous UXO, Department of the Navy leaders have taken a step in the right direction by signing an Agreement to establish a process for the Commander, Joint Region Marianas (CJRM) to have the authority to implement explosive safety principles on Guam. OHI has requested a copy of the Agreement from the Navy. If and when received, we will post it to UXOInfo.com website for the community.

This month we have a number of other articles of ongoing UXO finds around the world, including a large find in Germany and appropriately one in Guam, where a resident brought his find into the Mayor's office. Our monthly "This Old Ordnance" article features Japanese WWI era bomb fuze.

Best Regards,

Client Relations Manager
UXOInfo.com / OHI
Phone: (443) 522-2933 ext 1000
Cell: (443) 857-7474
UXOInfo.com is owned and operated by
Ordnance Holdings, Inc. (OHI),
a HUB Zone certified small business.

UXOInfo.com is brought to you by Ordnance Holdings, Inc. (OHI), a Hub Zone certified small business - please keep us in mind to support your next UXO project from consulting and UXO construction support to full-service UXO remediation and removals. For more information on OHI's capabilities and services, please visit our website at www.ordnanceholdings.com. Finally, when it comes to UXO, please remember the 3R's of Recognize, Retreat, Report.

23 January 2020

Joint Region Marianas Reaches Agreement on Guam UXO

Article Source: http://Navy.mil

WASHINGTON (NNS)- Culminating over three years of negotiation, Department of the Navy leaders today signed an agreement to establish a disciplined process for the Commander, Joint Region Marianas (CJRM) to have the authority to implement prudent explosive safety principles on Guam. The agreement will have an immediate impact on billions of dollars in military construction activities being undertaken by all military services with missions on Guam, including the relocation of United States Marines from the Island of Okinawa, Japan.

The ceremony marks submission of the Guam Munitions Response Explosive Safety Submission to the Naval Ordnance Safety and Security Activity (NOSSA). To acknowledge this historic occasion, Mr. Dale Sisson, Executive Director of NOSSA, and Mr. Jim Balocki, Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Installations, Energy and Facilities) signed a memorandum of agreement.

"This agreement is all about safely accelerating the delivery of warfighter capabilities by the Air Force, Navy, and Marines to a region of the world critical to our nation's strategic interests," said The Honorable Lucian Niemeyer, Acting Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Energy, Installations and Environment). "We no longer will have extended delays for essential military construction projects, and will be able to save U.S. taxpayers hundreds of millions of dollars."

According to Niemeyer, the event marks the culmination of many years work by staff across the globe to address the unique challenges associated with constructing facilities on Guam, a former World War II battleground. The agreement is intended as a template to improve the communication and teamwork across the explosive safety functions in the Department of Defense to expand activities on other islands with similar histories during World War II.

"This is a significant day for many of us; this agreement will enable greater agility in the decision making process, save money, and most importantly, deliver infrastructure capabilities more quickly in the Pacific region. This agreement was made possible by the extraordinary leadership at NOSSA, the DoD Explosive Safety Board and dedicated work by many professionals on Guam, in Hawaii and here in the DC Region.," said James B. Balocki, Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Installations, Energy and Facilities).

14 January 2020

WWII Ordnance Found on Selsey Beach, UK

Chichester, United Kingdom Two UXO items were found washed up on Selsey Beach in Chichester, UK.

According to sources, the Coast Guard was called to the scene and the beach was cordoned off to protect the public. Pictures were taken and subsequently sent to a Royal Navy EOD Team for examination.

EOD confirmed that the items were unexploded bombs left over from WWII. EOD responded and conducted controlled detonations on the beach to dispose of the hazards.

This is not the first time UXO has been discovered on this area of Selsey Beach. During WWII, the area served as bombing range for air-to-ground munitions training.

23 January 2020

Site of New Telsa Factory Found To Contain UXO

Berlin, Germany Electric car maker Telsa recently purchased a 740-acre site to build its first European factory, named Gigafactory, which would give its cars the "Made in Germany" branding.

A survey of the property connected with the sale has so far produced 25 UXO identified as WWII era U.S. ordnance (specific type not reported). Plans are underway for the disposal of the bombs. It's unclear if the UXO, or the potential for more, will have an impact on the purchase price of the land.

9 January 2020

Florida Beachgoer Detects WWII Landmine

Vero Beach, Florida When a recreational metal detector enthusiast's detector went off on Vero Beach, it prompted him to use his bare hands to dig up what turned out to be an old landmine. Realizing that it was likely ordnance, the man dropped his metal detector and ran back to warn others in the area to stay away.

The man called the county fire officials who responded and confirmed that the item was ordnance. An EOD team from Patrick AFB responded to remove the item as the area was cordoned off. Authorities suspect that the ordnance dates back to WWII when the area formerly served as the Fort Pierce Naval Amphibious Training Base. Numerous munitions have washed ashore around the same area over the years.

23 January 2020

Magnet Fishing Results In Hand Grenade Find

Vass, North Carolina The Crains Creek Fire Department announced via social media that a few locals were magnet fishing near Morrison Bridge and Riverview Drive when they found a hand grenade, missing its firing pin, near the bridge.

Several emergency units responded, including military EOD, who determined that it was unsafe to transport the grenade.

"The military EOD responded and determined it not safe to carry back to post, so it was detonated in the woods nearby," the Crains Creek Fire Department stated in a news report of the incident.


Practical Military Ordnance Identification (2nd Edition)

Author Tom Gersbeck's book - 'Practical Military Ordnance Identification' (2nd edition) focuses on the application of a practical deductive process to identify unknown ordnance items commonly recovered outside military control. In the book, Tom describes a seven-step procedure to identify unknown munitions by their category, group, and type. Detailed logic trees help users narrow down the possibilities in order to accurately identify ordnance. The book also covers safety precautions, describes ordnance construction characteristics, and explains the fundamentals of military ordnance fuzing.

'Practical Military Ordnance Identification' is written for Public Safety Bomb Technicians, SWAT personnel, Explosives Detection Canine (EDC) handlers, emergency management personnel, beach and park patrol units, forensic laboratory staff, Evidence Response Teams (ERT), UXO technicians, Deminers, Coast Guard personnel, archaeologists, all military personnel and other first responders; as well as history enthusiasts, museum employees, and those studying these fields. The easy-to-follow, step-by-step means of applying a practical deductive process to identifying ordnance outlined in this book was written with these professionals in mind.

Order "Practical Military Ordnance Identification" (2nd edition) today from Amazon.com, BN.com, or other online book retailer.

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UXO-Related History Remembered

Japanese Type 97 M K2 Bomb Fuze - U.S. Designation A.3(a) - 1944

In this month's This Old Ordnance article, we feature a WWII era Japanese Bomb Fuze Type 97 MK 2 - U.S. Designation A.3(a). The fuze is an updated version of the Type 90 fuze. The mechanical impact fuze was used by the Japanese "Navy Airforce." The threaded brass fuze was screwed into the nose of a Japanese bomb.


When the bomb is released, the arming wire is pulled through the eyelet, breaking loose at the soldered points. This action impacts and initial rotation to the arming vane assembly. The fuze is armed in 7 rotations of the vanes. On impact, a shear wire breaks causing the firing pin to strike the primer detonating the bomb on impact.

The image and technical data for the fuze was pulled from an Australian Military Forces Bomb Disposal Technical Instruction from March 1944.

If you have any UXO history you would like to share including documents, images, and/or articles for posting, please send them to Rhonda at rhonda@uxoinfo.com.

UXO Support Services by Ordnance Holdings, Inc.(OHI)

Ordnance Holdings, Inc. (OHI) - developer and operator of UXOInfo.com, is a small certified HUB Zone business, specializing in providing UXO, MMRP, and explosives safety related services.

Services provided by OHI include:

For more information on OHI, please visit our recently updated - website or contact OHI's Client Relations Manager, Jenna Perman: (O) 443.522.2933 (C) 443.857.7474 (E) jenna@ordnanceholdings.com.

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09 January 2020

Homeless Shelter Moved Due To UXO

Santa Rosa, California Government officials have decided against housing a homeless encampment on a parking lot near the Sonoma County Airport due to the potential for UXO as the parking lot is located within the former site of the WWII-era Santa Rosa Army Airfield.

In the early eighties, the area was a hotbed of development and in 1982, ampules from CAIS kits were discovered by construction crews during the digging of a sewer line. Further development in the area uncovered dozens more items.

Due to the concerns for more CAIS and the possibility for UXO in the area, city officials opted not to take the risk and decided to relocate the homeless encampment elsewhere.

24 January 2020

Ordnance Fuze Found At Estate Sale

Sandy Springs, Georgia Police responded to an estate sale after receiving a call about a potential ordnance item being found.

The police responded and cleared the area before calling in the Cobb County Police Bomb Squad for technical assistance.

The bomb squad responded and removed the fuze from the area. It's not clear how the item ended up in an estate sale.

26 January 2020

Dead Body and Suspect UXO Leads To Neighborhood Evacuation

Stockton, California Police responding to the home of man that reportedly died of natural causes called the bomb squad after finding "hundreds" of apparent military ordnance items in the house. The bomb squad contacted Travis AFB EOD for technical assistance as the nearby neighbors were evacuated from their homes.

EOD and bomb disposal crews worked over two days to sort and remove the items were found, for the most part, to be inert replicas. However, crews also found 25 small flares and fuses which were classified as "real" (type not reported) that had to be removed as well.

Police said investigators learned that the 70-year-old man appeared to be a collector of military items but he did not have a military background.

14 January 2020

Resident Brings WWII Era Grenade to Mayor's Office

Asam, Guam Mayor Salas was ready to leave work for the day when a man walked into his office with a WWII-era UXO wrapped in a rag that he had found while working in his yard.

Mayor Salas promptly called EOD who responded and identified the item as a live WWII-era hand grenade. EOD removed the hand grenade for proper disposal.

Even though residents are urged to call the police as soon as UXO items are found, residents continue to hand-deliver UXO items to local government officials. Other Guam Mayors have reported similar situations where residents bring ordnance to Government offices for disposal.

Mayor Salas believes that the community hasn't been reached by the Government awareness campaign and asks that if ordnance is found, to not touch it and call 911.

26 January 2020

Magnet Fishing Results In Mortar Find

Dewsbury, United Kingdom West Yorkshire Police called in the Army after a WWII era mortar was recovered by a magnet fisherman in a Dewsbury canal. The mortar, reported as a 'live 2-pound mortar' was disposed of by a Royal Ordnance Logistics Corps bomb disposal team.

Reportedly, it was not the first time that the local magnet fisherman who lives in south Leeds pulled UXO from the waters. A year earlier, he and friend pulled out a large mortar from under Crown Point Bridge, telling reporters covering the latest find, "I knew what it was straight away, I shouted 'mortar bomb' and everybody ran. We went about 50 yards in each direction and cordoned the area off."

25 January 2020

Bridge, Rail and Boat Traffic Halted for UXO

Cologne, Germany Boat traffic was delayed on the Rhine in the Deutz business district, near Cologne's Hohenzollern Bridge as authorities responded to a WWII era UXO. The item, identified as a 1,100-pound U.S. bomb was found along the river bank.

The nearby rail station and bridge were closed as well and an evacuation order of nearly 10,000 workers from a 500-meter exclusion zone around the site was put in place.

The render safe operation took about 30 minutes allowing the bomb squad to safety transport the bomb for off-site disposal. A member of the responding bomb squad told reporters, "The bomb was dropped from more than 1,000 meters, and if the detonator had been even slightly compressed, then we would have had problems removing it."


Filler Type and Weight
Main Charge - .31 lbs - Explosive D
Tracer Element - integral with fuze
Propelling Charge - 7.3 to 8.0 lbs - M6
Body Type and Weight
The hardened steel projectile has a flat base and a nose shaped to a relatively short ogive. The 90mm APC-T M82 projectile has an overall length of 38.24 inches and total weight of 42.75 to 43.87lbs (depending upon configuration). The projectile is olive drab w/black band and yellow markings.
TM 43-0001-28 April 1977

The 90mm APC-T M82 is designed for use against face-hardened armored materiel. When the weapon is fired, the resultant burning propellant creates gases which propel the projectile out of the gun tube and ignite the tracer. The tracer burns for a minimum of three seconds of projectile flight. The armor plate of the target is penetrated by the hardened face of the armor-piercing cap solely by kinetic energy. The softer core protects the hardened point of the projectile body by distribution of stresses. The base-detonating fuze, a simple inertia type, functions with delay action detonating the explosive filler after projectile penetration.

The cartridge is loaded with one of two different primers and a varying amount of propellant, with or without an igniter charge depending on the velocity desired.

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